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Demography and Labour Forces

The Palestinian human resource is an important economic resource, with its cultural, experiential and competitive advantages. The Palestinian society is characterized as a young society, in which its population of 1 to 14 years old (41%) is of the total population (5,164,173).

Labour Law
The PA recently passed a draft to harmonize the separate laws between the West Bank and Gaza. The following table outlines the new amalgamated labour practices and policies

 
Issue
Policy
Work Day / Week Maximum 45 hrs/week; no daily
Weekly Holiday One day per-week, any day
Overtime Pay 150% of salary for overtime
Annual Leave Minimum of 14 days for the first 5 years of employment; minimum of 21 days thereafter. **
Severance Pay 1 month of salary (excluding overtime hours) accrued per year, with no accumulation .
Worker's Accident Insurance All employers are required to carry insurance for employees.
Sick Leave Days 1-14=100% of salary; Days 15 - 28=50% of salary.
Minimum Wage 1,450 NIS
Transportation Reimbursement None required.
Maternity Leave 100% of pay for a total leave period of 10 weeks, providing that 6 weeks are taken after the delivery day.
Social Security None
 Source: Labour Law

Percentage Distribution of Population Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Status and Region, 2020(ILO Definition)

 

Southern Governorates 

Northern Governorates

Palestine

 Labour Force Status (Inside Labour Force)

424,300

886,800

1,291,100

NO. (Inside Labour Force)

52.2

83.1

72.9

Full Employment 

1.2

1.2

1.2

Time Related Underemployment

46.6

15.7

25.9

Unemployment

 

Southern Governorates 

Northern Governorates

Palestine

 Labour Force Status (Outside Labour Force)

778,100

1,084,400

1,862,500

NO. (Outside Labour Force)

16.6

14.0

15.1

Housekeeping

36.7

49.4

44.1

Study

27.1

28.6

28.0

Old/ill

19.6

8.0

12.8

Other

 

 

 

Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Characteristics and Region, 2017-2020 (ILO Definition)
 

Labour Force Characteristics and Region

2017

2018

2019

2020

Palestine

Labour Force Participation Rate

45.4

46.4

44.3

40.9

Unemployment Rate

27.2

26.2

25.3

25.9

Northern Governorates

Labour Force Participation Rate

46.2

45.9

46.4

44.4

Unemployment Rate

13.2

17.3

14.6

15.7

Southern Governorates 

Labour Force Participation Rate

44.2

39.6

40.9

35.3

Unemployment Rate

48.2

43.1

45.1

46.6

 

  


Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Economic Activity, 2020

Economic Activity

Number

Percentage

Agricultural, Hunting, Forestry & Fishing

60,700

6.4

Mining, Quarrying & Manufacturing

125,000

13.1

Construction

160,200

16.8

Commerce, Hotels & Restaurants

176,300

18.5

Transportation, Storage

46,500

4.9

Information and communication

12,300

1.3

Accommodation and food service activities

26,100

2.7

Human health and social work activities

44,700

4.7

Education

107,800

11.3

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply

7,300

0.8

Other service activities

188,100

19.5

Total

955,000

100

 

 

Estimated Population in Palestine by Region and Sex End 2020
 

Region

Both Sex

Sex

Male

Female

Palestine

5,164,173

2,625,355

2,538,818

Northern Governorates

3,086,816

1,572,632

1,514,184

Southern Governorates 

2,077,357

1,052,723

1,024,634

 

Average Household Size in Palestine by Region, 2017-2019

Region

2017

2018

2019

Palestine

5.1

5.0

5.1

West Bank

4.8

4.6

4.9

Gaza Strip

5.6

5.7

5.5

 

General Education Palestine, 2015/2016 – 2018/2019
 

 

Indicators

 

Scholastic Years

2015/2016

2016/2017

2017/2018

2018/2019

Schools

Government

2,135

2,174

2,203

2,234

UNRWA

353

363

370

370

Private

409

422

426

433

Total

2,897

2,959

2,998

3,037

Students

Males

596,144

612,340

620,597

635,662

Females

603,722

620,206

632,641

646,392

Both Sexes

1,199,866

1,232,546

1,253,238

1,282,054

Teachers

Males

21,717

21,514

26,343

21,367

Females

33,396

34,356

42,008

36,091

Both Sexes

55,113

55,870

68,351

57,458

 
 Note: The data doesn’t include school affiliated with Israeli Municipality and Culture Committee in Jerusalem

 

Higher Education Indicators in Palestine, 2015/2016 – 2017/2018
 

 

Indicators

Scholastic Years

2015/2016

2016/2017

2017/2018

University Students

Males

79,809

129,992

88,487

Females

124,936

133,032

134,287

Both Sexes

204,745

263,024

222,774

University Graduates

Males

17,411

28,891

17,396

Females

27,035

30,138

26,582

Both Sexes

44,446

59,119

43,978

Teaching Staff at Universities

Males

5,066

5,853

18,827

Females

1,459

1,693

28,541

Both Sexes

6,525

7,546

47,368

Teaching Staff at Community Collage

Males

371

435

5,979

Females

115

165

1,760

Both Sexes

486

600

7,739

 

*University data include Students and graduates of intermediate diploma, bachelor and graduate studies in universities and university colleges,
** Full time and Part time.


 

Cultural Institutions Operating in Palestine by Type and Governorate, 2020
 

Region

Type of Institution

Cultural Centers

Museums

Theaters

Cinema

Total

Palestine

528

32

16

2

578

Northern Governorates

473

27

13

2

515

Southern Governorates 

55

5

3

0

63