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Demography and Labour Forces
The Palestinian human resource is an important economic resource, with its cultural, experiential and competitive advantages. The Palestinian society is characterized as a young society, in which its population of 1 to 14 years old (40%) is of the total population (4,854,013).

Labour Law
The PA recently passed a draft to harmonize the separate laws between the West Bank and Gaza. The following table outlines the new amalgamated labour practices and policies.

 

Issue
Policy
Work Day / Week Maximum 45 hrs/week; no daily
Weekly Holiday One day per-week, any day
Overtime Pay 150% of salary for overtime
Annual Leave Minimum of 14 days for the first 5 years of employment; minimum of 21 days thereafter. **
Severance Pay 1 month of salary (excluding overtime hours) accrued per year, with no accumulation .
Worker's Accident Insurance All employers are required to carry insurance for employees.
Sick Leave Days 1-14=100% of salary; Days 15 - 28=50% of salary.
Minimum Wage 1,450 NIS
Transportation Reimbursement None required.
Maternity Leave 100% of pay for a total leave period of 10 weeks, providing that 6 weeks are taken after the delivery day.
Social Security and Medical Insurance None
 Source: Labour Law

 

Percentage Distribution of Population Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Status and Region, 2017(ILO Definition)

Gaza Strip

West Bank

Palestine

 Labour Force Status (Inside Labour Force)

53.6

79.5

69.7

Full Employment 

2.0

1.8

1.9

Time Related Underemployment

44.4

18.7

28.4

Unemployment

 

Gaza Strip

West Bank

Palestine

 Labour Force Status (Outside Labour Force)

24.4

25.7

25.2

Housekeeping

18.2

16.3

17.0

Study

9.2

7.5

8.8

Old/ill

3.1

5.2

4.3

Other

 

  

Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Characteristics and Region, 2014-2017 (ILO Definition)

Labour Force Characteristics and Region

2014

2015

2016

2017

Palestine

Labour Force Participation Rate

45.8

45.8

45.8

45.7

Unemployment Rate

26.9

25.9

26.9

28.4

West Bank

Labour Force Participation Rate

46.6

46.1

45.6

45.8

Unemployment Rate

17.7

17.3

18.2

18.7

 

 

 

 

 

Gaza Strip

Labour Force Participation Rate

44.4

45.3

46.1

45.5

Unemployment Rate

43.9

41.0

41.7

44.4

 

 

Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Economic Activity, 2017

Economic Activity

Number

Percentage

Agricultural, Hunting, Forestry & Fishing

63,500

6.7

Mining, Quarrying & Manufacturing

123,600

13.1

Construction

162,300

17.2

Commerce, Hotels & Restaurants

176,200

18.6

Transportation, Storage

51,700

5.5

Information and communication

10,100

1.1

Accommodation and food service activities

27,600

2.9

Human health and social work activities

36,400

3.9

Education

91,100

9.6

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply

6,100

0.6

Other service activities

197,100

20.8

Total

945,700

100


 

Estimated Population in Palestine by Region and Sex End 2018

Region

Both Sex

Sex

Male

Female

Palestine

4,854,013

2,469,162

2,348,851

West Bank

2,921,170

1,489,371

1,431,799

Gaza Strip

1,912,267

979,791

953,052

 

 
Average Household Size in Palestine by Region, 2015-2017

Region

2015

2016

2017

Palestine

5.2

5.2

5.1

West Bank

4.9

4.8

4.8

Gaza Strip

5.7

5.7

5.6

 

General Education Palestine, 2015/2016 – 2017/2018

 

Indicators

 

Scholastic Years

2015/2016

2016/2017

2017/2018

Schools

Government

2,135

2,174

2,203

UNRWA

353

363

370

Private

409

422

426

Total

2,897

2,959

2,998

Students

Males

596,144

612,340

620,597

Females

603,722

620,206

632,641

Both Sexes

1,199,866

1,232,546

1,253,238

Teachers

Males

21,717

21,514

26,343

Females

33,396

34,356

42,008

Both Sexes

55,113

55,870

68,351

 
*Data for the scholastic year 2015/2016 are primary
 Note: The data doesn’t include school affiliated with Israeli Municipality and Culture Committee in Jerusalem

 

Higher Education Indicators in Palestine, 2015/2016 – 2017/2018

 

Indicators

Scholastic Years

2015/2016

2016/2017

2017/2018

University Students

Males

79,809

129,992

82,877

Females

124,936

133,032

128,417

Both Sexes

204,745

263,024

211,294

University Graduates

Males

17,411

28,891

17,396

Females

27,035

30,138

26,582

Both Sexes

44,446

59,119

43,978

Teaching Staff at Universities

Males

5,066

5,853

5,586

Females

1,459

1,693

1,605

Both Sexes

6,525

7,546

7,191

Community College Students

Males

-

1,598

1,431

Females

-

2,114

1,959

Both Sexes

3,486

3,712

3,390

Teaching Staff at Community Collage

Males

371

435

393

Females

115

165

155

Both Sexes

486

600

548


*University data include Students and graduates of intermediate diploma, bachelor and graduate studies in universities and university colleges,
** Full time and Part time.
*** Data for the stochastic year 2016/2017 are primary.

  

Cultural Institutions Operating in Palestine by Type and Governorate, 2017

Region

Type of Institution

Cultural Centers

Museums

Theaters

Cinema

Total

Palestine

625

32

15

2

674

West Bank

545

27

12

2

586

Gaza Strip

80

5

3

..

88